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matter    音标拼音: [m'ætɚ]
n. U物质;麻烦,毛病;C事情,问题;内容,素材
vi. 有关系,要紧


n 1: a vaguely specified concern; "several matters to attend
to"; "it is none of your affair"; "things are going well"
[synonym: {matter}, {affair}, {thing}]
2: some situation or event that is thought about; "he kept
drifting off the topic"; "he had been thinking about the
subject for several years"; "it is a matter for the police"
[synonym: {topic}, {subject}, {issue}, {matter}]
3: that which has mass and occupies space; "physicists study
both the nature of matter and the forces which govern it"
4: a problem; "is anything the matter?"
5: (used with negation) having consequence; "they were friends
and it was no matter who won the games"
6: written works (especially in books or magazines); "he always
took some reading matter with him on the plane"
v 1: have weight; have import, carry weight; "It does not matter
much" [synonym: {count}, {matter}, {weigh}]

Matter \Mat"ter\, n. [OE. matere, F. mati[`e]re, fr. L. materia;
perh. akin to L. mater mother. Cf. {Mother}, {Madeira},
1. That of which anything is composed; constituent substance;
material; the material or substantial part of anything;
the constituent elements of conception; that into which a
notion may be analyzed; the essence; the pith; the
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He is the matter of virtue. --B. Jonson.
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2. That of which the sensible universe and all existent
bodies are composed; anything which has extension,
occupies space, or is perceptible by the senses; body;
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Note: Matter is usually divided by philosophical writers into
three kinds or classes: solid, liquid, and gaseous.
Solid substances are those whose parts firmly cohere
and resist impression, as wood or stone. Liquids have
free motion among their parts, and easily yield to
impression, as water and wine. Gaseous substances are
elastic fluids, called vapors and gases, as air and
oxygen gas.
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3. That with regard to, or about which, anything takes place
or is done; the thing aimed at, treated of, or treated;
subject of action, discussion, consideration, feeling,
complaint, legal action, or the like; theme. "If the
matter should be tried by duel." --Bacon.
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Son of God, Savior of men! Thy name
Shall be the copious matter of my song. --Milton.
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Every great matter they shall bring unto thee, but
every small matter they shall judge. --Ex. xviii.
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4. That which one has to treat, or with which one has to do;
concern; affair; business.
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To help the matter, the alchemists call in many
vanities out of astrology. --Bacon.
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Some young female seems to have carried matters so
far, that she is ripe for asking advice.
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5. Affair worthy of account; thing of consequence;
importance; significance; moment; -- chiefly in the
phrases what matter? no matter, and the like.
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A prophet some, and some a poet, cry;
No matter which, so neither of them lie. --Dryden.
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6. Inducing cause or occasion, especially of anything
disagreeable or distressing; difficulty; trouble.
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And this is the matter why interpreters upon that
passage in Hosea will not consent it to be a true
story, that the prophet took a harlot to wife.
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7. Amount; quantity; portion; space; -- often indefinite.
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Away he goes, . . . a matter of seven miles. --L'
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I have thoughts to tarry a small matter. --Congreve.
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No small matter of British forces were commanded
over sea the year before. --Milton.
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8. Substance excreted from living animal bodies; that which
is thrown out or discharged in a tumor, boil, or abscess;
pus; purulent substance.
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9. (Metaph.) That which is permanent, or is supposed to be
given, and in or upon which changes are effected by
psychological or physical processes and relations; --
opposed to {form}. --Mansel.
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10. (Print.) Written manuscript, or anything to be set in
type; copy; also, type set up and ready to be used, or
which has been used, in printing.
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{Dead matter} (Print.), type which has been used, or which is
not to be used, in printing, and is ready for

{Live matter} (Print.), type set up, but not yet printed

{Matter in bar}, {Matter of fact}. See under {Bar}, and

{Matter of record}, anything recorded.

{Upon the matter}, or {Upon the whole matter}, considering
the whole; taking all things into view; all things
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Waller, with Sir William Balfour, exceeded in horse,
but were, upon the whole matter, equal in foot.
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Matter \Mat"ter\, v. i. [imp. & p. p. {Mattered}; p. pr. & vb.
n. {Mattering}.]
1. To be of importance; to import; to signify.
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It matters not how they were called. --Locke.
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2. To form pus or matter, as an abscess; to maturate. [R.]
"Each slight sore mattereth." --Sir P. Sidney.
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Matter \Mat"ter\, v. t.
To regard as important; to take account of; to care for.
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He did not matter cold nor hunger. --H. Brooke.
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326 Moby Thesaurus words for "matter":
activities, activity, ado, affair, affairs, air, ambition, amount,
amount to something, amplitude, annoyance, anxiety, argument,
article, aspect, aspiration, atom, atomic particles, atoms,
autograph, bag, basis, be featured, be prominent, be somebody,
be something, being, besetment, body, bother, brainchild,
brute matter, building block, bulk, burden, business, calling,
can of worms, carry weight, case, cause, chapter, chemical element,
chyle, circumstance, colostrum, commerce, complication, component,
composed matter, composition, computer printout, concern,
concernment, condition, consequence, consideration, constituent,
content, context, copy, core, count, cut ice, cut some ice, datum,
dead matter, detail, difficulty, dilemma, disadvantage, discharge,
distillate, distillation, document, doing, draft, earth,
edited version, element, elementary particle, elementary unit,
elixir, employ, employment, engrossment, enigma, enterprise,
entity, episode, essay, essence, essentials, event, evil, extent,
fabric, facet, fact, factor, fair copy, fester, festering, fiction,
final draft, finished version, fire, first draft, flimsy,
focus of attention, focus of interest, force, function,
fundamental particle, get top billing, gist, gleet, goal,
great ado, grievance, ground, guiding light, guiding star, head,
headache, heading, heart, holograph, humor, hyle, hypostasis,
ichor, ideal, implication, import, importance, incident,
incidental, inconvenience, individual, inspiration, instance,
intention, interest, issue, item, job, kernel, labor, lachryma,
lactation, letter, leukorrhea, literae scriptae, literary artefact,
literary production, literature, live matter, living issue,
lodestar, lookout, lucubration, lymph, magnitude, main point,
mainspring, manuscript, marrow, mass, material, material world,
materiality, matter in hand, mattering, mean, meaning,
meaningfulness, measure, measurement, meat, medium, milk,
minor detail, minutia, minutiae, molecule, moment, monad, motif,
motive, mucor, mucus, natural world, nature, neighborhood,
nonfiction, nub, numbers, object, occasion, occupation, occurrence,
opus, order, original, paper, parchment, particular, peccant humor,
peck of troubles, penscript, phlegm, physical world, piece,
piece of writing, pith, play, plenum, poem, point, point at issue,
point in question, predicament, principle, printed matter,
printout, problem, proceeding, production, purport, purulence, pus,
puzzle, quandary, quantity, quantum, question, quintessence, range,
rankle, rankling, reading matter, reason, recension, regard,
respect, rheum, ripen, rubric, run, running, sake, saliva, sanies,
sap, score, screed, scrip, script, scrive, scroll, sea of troubles,
second draft, sense, serous fluid, serum, service, significance,
signification, signify, situation, snot, soul, source, spirit,
spring, stand out, standing matter, star, strength, stuff, subject,
subject matter, subject of thought, substance, substratum, sum,
sum and substance, suppurate, suppuration, sweat, tangible, tear,
teardrop, tell, text, the four elements, the whites,
the written word, theme, thing, to-do, topic, transaction,
transcript, transcription, trouble, tune, typescript,
ulterior motive, undertaking, unit of being, upset, upshot, urine,
version, vicinity, vocation, water, weep, weigh, weight, whole,
work, worry, writing

MATTER. Some substantial or essential thing, opposed to form; facts.

MATTER, IMPERTINENT, Equity pleading. That which is altogether irrelevant to
the case, that does not appertain or belong to it; id est, qui ad rem non
pertinet. 4 Bouv. Inst. n. 4163. See Impertinent.

MATTER, SCANDALOUS, equity pleading. A false and malicious statement of
facts, not relevant to the cause. But nothing which is positively relevant,
however harsh or gross the charge may be, can be considered scandalous. 4
Bouv. Inst. n. 4163.
2. A bill cannot by the general practice, be referred for impertinence
after the defendant has answered, or submitted to answer, but it may be
referred for scandal at any time, and even upon the application of a
stranger to the suit, for he has the right to prevent the records of the
court from being made the vehicle of spreading slanders against himself. Id.
n. 41f 64.

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