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rest    音标拼音: [r'ɛst]
vi. 休息



休息 剩余

n 1: something left after other parts have been taken away;
"there was no remainder"; "he threw away the rest"; "he
took what he wanted and I got the balance" [synonym:
{remainder}, {balance}, {residual}, {residue}, {residuum},
2: freedom from activity (work or strain or responsibility);
"took his repose by the swimming pool" [synonym: {rest}, {ease},
{repose}, {relaxation}]
3: a pause for relaxation; "people actually accomplish more when
they take time for short rests" [synonym: {respite}, {rest},
{relief}, {rest period}]
4: a state of inaction; "a body will continue in a state of rest
until acted upon"
5: euphemisms for death (based on an analogy between lying in a
bed and in a tomb); "she was laid to rest beside her
husband"; "they had to put their family pet to sleep" [synonym:
{rest}, {eternal rest}, {sleep}, {eternal sleep}, {quietus}]
6: a support on which things can be put; "the gun was steadied
on a special rest"
7: a musical notation indicating a silence of a specified
v 1: not move; be in a resting position
2: take a short break from one's activities in order to relax
[synonym: {rest}, {breathe}, {catch one's breath}, {take a
3: give a rest to; "He rested his bad leg"; "Rest the dogs for a
4: have a place in relation to something else; "The fate of
Bosnia lies in the hands of the West"; "The responsibility
rests with the Allies" [synonym: {lie}, {rest}]
5: be at rest [ant: {be active}, {move}]
6: stay the same; remain in a certain state; "The dress remained
wet after repeated attempts to dry it"; "rest assured"; "stay
alone"; "He remained unmoved by her tears"; "The bad weather
continued for another week" [synonym: {stay}, {remain}, {rest}]
[ant: {change}]
7: be inherent or innate in; [synonym: {rest}, {reside}, {repose}]
8: put something in a resting position, as for support or
steadying; "Rest your head on my shoulder"
9: sit, as on a branch; "The birds perched high in the tree"
[synonym: {perch}, {roost}, {rest}]
10: rest on or as if on a pillow; "pillow your head" [synonym:
{pillow}, {rest}]
11: be inactive, refrain from acting; "The committee is resting
over the summer"

Rest \Rest\ (r[e^]st), v. t. [For arrest.]
To arrest. [Obs.]
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Rest \Rest\, n. [AS. rest, r[ae]st, rest; akin to D. rust, G.
rast. OHG. rasta, Dan. & Sw. rast rest, repose, Icel. r["o]st
the distance between two resting places, a mole, Goth. rasta
a mile, also to Goth. razn house, Icel. rann, and perhaps to
G. ruhe rest, repose, AS. r[=o]w, Gr. 'erwh`. Cf. {Ransack}.]
1. A state of quiet or repose; a cessation from motion or
labor; tranquillity; as, rest from mental exertion; rest
of body or mind. --Chaucer.
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Sleep give thee all his rest! --Shak.
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2. Hence, freedom from everything which wearies or disturbs;
peace; security.
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And the land had rest fourscore years. --Judges iii.
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3. Sleep; slumber; hence, poetically, death.
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How sleep the brave who sink to rest,
By all their country's wishes blest. --Collins.
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4. That on which anything rests or leans for support; as, a
rest in a lathe, for supporting the cutting tool or
steadying the work.
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He made narrowed rests round about, that the beams
should not be fastened in the walls of the house.
--1 Kings vi.
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5. (Anc. Armor) A projection from the right side of the
cuirass, serving to support the lance.
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Their visors closed, their lances in the rest.
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6. A place where one may rest, either temporarily, as in an
inn, or permanently, as, in an abode. "Halfway houses and
travelers' rests." --J. H. Newman.
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In dust our final rest, and native home. --Milton.
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Ye are not as yet come to the rest and to the
inheritance which the Lord your God giveth you.
--Deut. xii.
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7. (Pros.) A short pause in reading verse; a caesura.
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8. The striking of a balance at regular intervals in a
running account. "An account is said to be taken with
annual or semiannual rests." --Abbott.
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9. A set or game at tennis. [Obs.]
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10. (Mus.) Silence in music or in one of its parts; the name
of the character that stands for such silence. They are
named as notes are, whole, half, quarter,etc.
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{Rest house}, an empty house for the accomodation of
travelers; a caravansary. [India]

{To set one's rest} or {To set up one's rest}, to have a
settled determination; -- from an old game of cards, when
one so expressed his intention to stand or rest upon his
hand. [Obs.] --Shak. --Bacon.
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Syn: Cessation; pause; intermission; stop; stay; repose;
slumber; quiet; ease; quietness; stillness;
tranquillity; peacefulness; peace.

Usage: {Rest}, {Repose}. Rest is a ceasing from labor or
exertion; repose is a mode of resting which gives
relief and refreshment after toil and labor. The words
are commonly interchangeable.
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Rest \Rest\ (r[e^]st), v. i. [imp. & p. p. {Rested}; p. pr. &
vb. n. {Resting}.] [AS. restan. See {Rest}, n.]
1. To cease from action or motion, especially from action
which has caused weariness; to desist from labor or
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God . . . rested on the seventh day from all his
work which he had made. --Gen. ii. 2.
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Six days thou shalt do thy work, and on the seventh
day thou shalt rest. --Ex. xxiii.
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2. To be free from whanever wearies or disturbs; to be quiet
or still.
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There rest, if any rest can harbor there. --Milton.
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3. To lie; to repose; to recline; to lan; as, to rest on a
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4. To stand firm; to be fixed; to be supported; as, a column
rests on its pedestal.
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5. To sleep; to slumber; hence, poetically, to be dead.
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Fancy . . . then retries
Into her private cell when Nature rests. --Milton.
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6. To lean in confidence; to trust; to rely; to repose
without anxiety; as, to rest on a man's promise.
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On him I rested, after long debate,
And not without considering, fixed ?? fate.
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7. To be satisfied; to acquiesce.
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To rest in Heaven's determination. --Addison.
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{To rest with}, to be in the power of; to depend upon; as, it
rests with him to decide.
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Rest \Rest\, v. t.
1. To lay or place at rest; to quiet.
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Your piety has paid
All needful rites, to rest my wandering shade.
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2. To place, as on a support; to cause to lean.
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Her weary head upon your bosom rest. --Waller.
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Rest \Rest\, v. i. [F. rester. See {Rest} remainder.]
To be left; to remain; to continue to be.
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The affairs of men rest still uncertain. --Shak.
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Rest \Rest\, n. [F. reste, fr. rester to remain, L. restare to
stay back, remain; pref. re- re- stare to stand, stay. See
{Stand}, and cf. {Arrest}, {Restive}.] (With the definite
1. That which is left, or which remains after the separation
of a part, either in fact or in contemplation; remainder;
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Religion gives part of its reward in hand, the
present comfort of having done our duty, and, for
the rest, it offers us the best security that Heaven
can give. --Tillotson.
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2. Those not included in a proposition or description; the
remainder; others. "Plato and the rest of the
philosophers." --Bp. Stillingfleet.
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Armed like the rest, the Trojan prince appears.
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3. (Com.) A surplus held as a reserved fund by a bank to
equalize its dividends, etc.; in the Bank of England, the
balance of assets above liabilities. [Eng.]
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Syn: Remainder; overplus; surplus; remnant; residue; reserve;
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494 Moby Thesaurus words for "rest":
abeyance, abide, abide in, advocate, afterglow, afterimage, allay,
alpenstock, annihilation, appease, arm, arrive, ataraxia, ataraxy,
athletic supporter, awful silence, axis, back, backbone, backing,
balance, bandeau, bane, base, basis, be a sideliner, be based on,
be coextensive with, be comprised in, be constituted by,
be contained in, be contingent on, be dependent on, be found,
be left, be located, be predicated on, be present in, be situated,
be still, bearer, bearing, bed, bed down, biological death, bottom,
bra, brace, bracer, bracket, brassiere, break, breath, breathe,
breather, breathing place, breathing space, breathing spell,
breathing time, breve rest, butt, butt end, buttress, caesura,
call a recess, calm, calm down, calmness, candle ends, cane,
carrier, cease-fire, cervix, cessation, cessation of life, chaff,
cigarette break, clinical death, coast, cocktail hour,
coffee break, compose, composure, conduct pleadings, consist in,
contemplation, continue to be, convenience, cool, corset, couch,
count sheep, cradle, crook, crossing the bar, crutch, curl up,
curtains, day off, dead, dead of night, death, death knell,
deathlike silence, debris, debt of nature, decease, delay, demise,
departure, depend, depend on, deposit, detritus, dissolution,
do nothing, doom, doorstep, doss down, downtime, doze, dozing,
drift, drop, dulcify, dwell in, dying, ease, ease up, ebb of life,
eighth rest, end, end of life, ending, enforced respite,
eternal rest, even out, excess, exist in, exit, expiration,
extinction, extinguishment, fag end, filings, final summons,
finger of death, footing, footrest, footstep, forty winks, fossil,
foundation, foundation garment, free time, freedom, freeze,
fulcrum, girdle, go to bed, go to rest, go to sleep, going,
going off, golden silence, goof-off time, grave, ground,
groundwork, guy, guywire, half rest, halt, hand of death, hang,
hang fire, hang on, happy hour, heel, hesitate, hesitation,
hibernate, hinge, hinge on, hit the hay, hit the sack, holder,
holdover, holiday, hush, hush of night, husks, idle, idle hours,
idleness, imperturbability, implead, inactivity, inaudibility,
indolence, inhabit, inhere in, interim, interlude, intermezzo,
intermission, intermittence, interruption, interval, jaws of death,
jock, jockstrap, keep quiet, kip, knell, languish, lapse,
last debt, last muster, last rest, last roundup, last sleep, lay,
lay down, layoff, lean, leaving life, leavings, leftovers, leisure,
let down, let up, letup, lie, lie athwart, lie by, lie dormant,
lie down, lie in, lie on, lie still, lie with, loaf, loafing,
lodge, loll, loss of life, lounge, lucid stillness, lull, mainstay,
maintainer, make a plea, making an end, mark time,
marmoreal repose, mast, minim, mollify, mum, nap, neck, nirvana,
nod, noiselessness, not breathe, not budge, not stir, oarlock,
odd moments, odds and ends, offscourings, orts, overage, overplus,
pace, pacify, parings, parting, passing, passing away,
passing over, pause, peace, peacefulness, perishing, pivot, place,
placidity, placidness, plead, position, pour balm into, prop, put,
put down, quarter rest, quell, quiescence, quiescency, quiet,
quietism, quietness, quietude, quietus, rags, recess, recline,
refuse, reinforce, reinforcement, reinforcer, relax, relaxation,
release, relics, rely, remain, remain motionless, remainder,
remains, remission, remnant, repose, repose in, reposit, reside,
reside in, residual, residue, residuum, respite, rest in, rest on,
rest with, restfulness, resting place, resting point, retirement,
revolve on, reward, ride, ride at anchor, ride easy,
ride hawse full, rigging, riser, roach, rock to sleep, round,
rowlock, rubbish, ruins, rump, rundle, rung, sack out, satori,
sawdust, scale, scourings, scraps, seat, seating, semiretirement,
sentence of death, serenity, set, set down, settle to rest,
shades of death, shadow, shadow of death, shavings, shelf,
shoulder, shroud, shut-eye, siesta, silence, silentness,
silken repose, sit back, sit it out, sixteenth rest, slack off,
slacken, sleep, slumber, smooth, smooth down, smooth over,
smoothen, snooze, snug down, solemn silence, somatic death, soothe,
soundlessness, spare time, spell, spill, spine, spoke, sprawl,
sprit, stabilize, staff, stagnate, stair, stand, stand fast,
stand firm, stand on, stand still, stand-down, standing rigging,
stave, stay, stay put, steady, step, step stool, stepping-stone,
stick, stick fast, stiffener, still, stillness, stop,
stop for breath, straw, strengthener, stretch out, string, stubble,
stump, subdue, subsist, subsist in, summons of death, superfluity,
support, supporter, surcease, surplus, surplusage, survival,
survive, suspension, sustainer, sweepings, tacitness, taciturnity,
take, take a nap, take a recess, take a rest, take forty winks,
take it easy, take life easy, tarry, tea break, thole, tholepin,
time, time off, time out, time to kill, time to spare,
tomblike silence, trace, tranquilize, tranquillity, tread,
tread water, trestle, truce, turn on, turn up, turn upon, unbend,
unlax, unwind, upholder, vacation, vegetate, vestige, wait and see,
walking stick, waste, watch and wait, whisht, wise passiveness

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